‘Urban Heat Islands’–According To The U.S. Government; + New Study Finds 96% of U.S. Temperature Stations Are “Corrupted”

The U.S. government recently unveiled the website with its vision of achieving “a nation free from heat-related illness and death”–which is a big ask for a website.

Surprisingly, the site tackles the topic of Urban Heat Islands, and it has this to say:

‘The term “urban heat island” refers to the fact that cities tend to get much warmer than their surrounding rural landscapes, particularly during the summer. This temperature difference occurs when cities’ unshaded roads and buildings gain heat during the day and radiate that heat into the surrounding air. As a result, highly developed urban areas can experience mid-afternoon temperatures that are 15°F to 20°F warmer than surrounding, vegetated areas.’

For decades now, scientists have queried the placement of U.S. thermometer stations given this skewed warming in built-up areas. It has even led to suggestions that the observed increase in U.S. temperatures between the 1980s and the 2000s is, at least partly, attributable to negligent weather station placement.

This contention is backed up by a recent nationwide study published by the Heartland Institute which asserts that “official NOAA temperature stations produce corrupted data due to purposeful placement in man-made hot spots”.

The new study, Corrupted Climate Stations: The Official U.S. Surface Temperature Record Remains Fatally Flawed, finds that approximately 96 percent of U.S. temperature stations used to measure climate change fail to meet what NOAA considers to be “acceptable” and uncorrupted placement by its own published standards.

The detailed report was compiled via satellite and in-person survey visits to NOAA weather stations that contribute to the “official” land temperature data in the United States.

The research shows that 96% of these stations are corrupted by localized effects of urbanization — producing heat-bias because of their close proximity to asphalt, machinery, and other heat-producing, heat-trapping, or heat-accentuating objects.

Placing temperature stations in such locations violates NOAA’s own published standards (see section 3.1 here), and strongly undermines the legitimacy and the magnitude of the official consensus on long-term climate warming trends in the United States.

“With a 96 percent warm-bias in U.S. temperature measurements, it is impossible to use any statistical methods to derive an accurate climate trend for the U.S.,” said Heartland Institute Senior Fellow Anthony Watts, the director of the study. “Data from the stations that have not been corrupted by faulty placement show a rate of warming in the United States reduced by almost half compared to all stations.”

NOAA’s “Requirements and Standards for [National Weather Service] Climate Observations” instructs that temperature data instruments must be “over level terrain (earth or sod) typical of the area around the station and at least 100 feet from any extensive concrete or paved surface”, and also that “all attempts will be made to avoid areas where rough terrain or air drainage are proven to result in non-representative temperature data.”

The new report reveals the above instruction is routinely violated, and, according to H. Sterling Burnett, director of the Arthur B. Robinson Center on Climate and Environment Policy at The Heartland Institute, is evidence of two things: “First, the government is either inept or stubbornly refuses to learn from its mistakes for political reasons. Second, the government’s official temperature record can’t be trusted. It reflects a clear urban heat bias effect, not national temperature trends.”

Checking back with, the U.S. government fully acknowledges that the urban heat island effect is indeed a thing and also that it impacts metropolitan temperatures: ‘cities create their own microclimates because they greatly alter the local landscape.’

The website then goes on to list four of the largest influences that cause cities to be hotter than their surroundings:

1) ‘Low Albedo, Heat-Storing Materials’–dark surfaces absorb more energy from sunlight than lighter, more reflective surfaces;

2) ‘Lack of Trees and Other Vegetation’–vegetation, including soil, absorb and release moisture, which requires the use of heat

3) ‘Urban Canyons & Urban Geometry’–buildings create an urban canyon effect that blocks wind flow that would otherwise provide ventilation to streets below, cooling them as well as speeding up evaporation;

4) ‘Waste Heat’–urban areas concentrate heat-emitting devices, like cars and air conditioners, over small areas. All of this heat adds up and contributes to higher air temperatures in cities.

These images from the NIHHIS Urban Heat Island Mapping Campaign in Las Cruces, NM, show how the temperature can differ greatly (by 44.5 °F) between shaded grass and exposed pavement. [David DuBois/].

The Heartland Institutes’ new study gives examples of what it calls ‘the bias problem’.

The chart below (found on page 17 of the report) shows 30 years of data from NOAA temperature stations loccted in the CONUS.

The blue lines show recorded temperatures and the trend from stations that comply with NOAA’s published standards; the yellow lines are temperatures taken from stations that are not compliant with those standards (i.e. near artificial hot spots); and the red lines are the “official” adjusted temperature released by NOAA.

“If you look at the unperturbed stations that adhere to NOAA’s published standard–ones that are correctly located and free of localized urban heat biases–they display about half the rate of warming compared to perturbed stations that have such biases,” explained Watts.

“Yet, NOAA continues to use the data from their warm-biased century-old surface temperature networks to produce monthly and yearly reports to the U.S. public on the state of the climate. The issue of localized heat-bias with these stations has been proven in a real-world experiment conducted by NOAA’s laboratory in Oak Ridge, Tennessee and published in a peer reviewed science journal,” Watts added.

“By contrast, NOAA operates a state-of-the-art surface temperature network called the U.S. Climate Reference Network. It is free of localized heat biases by design, but the data it produces is never mentioned in monthly or yearly climate reports published by NOAA for public consumption.”


The observed increase in U.S. temperatures between the 1980s to the 2000s could be attributable, at least partly, to urbanization and negligent weather station placement.

It is unanimously agreed upon that built-up areas –our towns and cities– run hotter than rural areas, and it has also been found that 96% of NOAA temperature stations produce corrupted data due to purposeful placement in said “hot spots”.

They did always tell us that global warming was ‘man-made’…

The Heartland Institute, a free-market think tank founded in 1984, is one of the world’s leading organizations promoting the work of scientists who are skeptical that human activity is causing a climate crisis.

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47 Thoughts to “‘Urban Heat Islands’–According To The U.S. Government; + New Study Finds 96% of U.S. Temperature Stations Are “Corrupted””

  1. Dallas Schneider

    Whatever happened to good ole WEATHER BALLOONS?

    Seems like someone has left out a lot of good reliable data
    that could be analyzed by modern super computers!

    1. Michael Peinsipp

      We have satellites that give proper temps now.
      “They did always tell us that global warming was ‘man-made’…”
      As WE all knew it top be Sir!!!
      I call that…..

      1. Matt Dalby

        The temperature trend from high quality U.S. weather stations (0.2 degrees/decade) is remarkably similar to the trend from satellites as per the UAH data set (0.18 degrees/decade over land). The difference is probably within the margin of error of the data sets and therefore statistically insignificant. This would help prove my belief that when averaged over a number of decades to minimise year to year variations in weather patterns and hence regional temperatures pretty much any part of the globe is a good proxy for global changes in temperature. Therefore when data from ice cores from Greenland show much higher temperatures in the past we can be fairly sure that these higher temps. were a global not just regional event.

        1. Stanley

          When you consider the fact that the poles have moved and are moving. That alone will change the entire weather on our wonderful globe.
          Even if our sun was not in a minimum cycle, the pole moving would have noticeable climate change.

          They stopped reporting the true North pole location in 2007 South in 2000.

  2. sad

    all the the calibration is corrupted ….and so on and the masses believe in “SCIENCE” there ‘sno hope for awakening

  3. sad

    an another thing which is very essential . who own temperatures station / …Weather Underground is owned by The Weather Company, a subsidiary of IBM.[2]👍👍

  4. Ice Age Bioelectric Technocracy Control-Eugenics

    The eugenics objectives are justified with well understood “metaverse” data/physics engineered “pseudo-realities” and plausible deniability fictions made for the targeted zombie masses. The “cooked” crooked data has always been as crooked as the crooked faces on the WEF/UN/WHO “GLOBALIST LEADERS” and most especially the IPCC shills. .

  5. Yooper

    OK, why can’t someone gather the data from the hundreds/thousands of quality personal weather stations that are live on the internet? Crowd source the data and partition it into geographic classes: Urban,Suburban, Agricultural, Recreational (golf courses?), etc. My 10 year old LaCrosse weather station is higher quality than the lab grade stuff we had when I was in school 60 years ago.

    1. sad
      Whether the reports are from an airplane, a station in Iceland or a smartphone, the algorithms are ready to help provide a more accurate weather forecast with every single ping

      we cannot trust these “people” at all everything they say is a lie and only serves their interests and those of their masters

      1. sad

        Alain Cotta déniaise un jeune philosophe dans › watch

        Ce membre de la Trilatérale, fier d’en être puisqu’il l’avouera lui-même sur Radio Notre-Dame, vient nous expliquant en s’esclaffant de rire …
        YouTube · Collège Européen · 29 juin 2015

    2. Michael Peinsipp

      Well the NWS doesn’t ‘like’ proper temps that’s why.

    3. Colin Harkin

      Yooper, here where we live southern highlands NSW Australia, it is always hotter in the nearby town 25kms away in summer by around 15C. The opposite happens in winter because that town is in a long topographic depression so it’s always much colder.

      We have a weather station on Weather Cloud, plus our car is Volvo with a very accurate external thermometer that provides a readout for out-of-cabin temperatures.

      In terms of what’s happening to temperatures generally speaking, I’m of the view that it is gradually cooling. I acknowledge there is a strong La Nina event happening, but it’s been noticeably cooler since early 2019 and this winter is the coldest we can remember. Also, a lot more snow on the mountains here that pre 2019.

      Professor Ian Plimer has stated that we are at the end of the current warm period and entering the start of the next cool period. I think he is right.

  6. sad

    these bastards know that a climate change is in progress they have for decades not slowed down but diluted a little the effects with the chemtrails and harrp but that arrives at its end the effects will not be dissimulable any more with these technologies this is why they combined them with the social engineering; the climate change will impact the habitable lands according to various modalities, drought floods plagues freezing cold impacting the food production the drinking water supply the energetic production thus all the economy which makes our life of every day; managing such a mess with 7.5 billion human beings is impossible so they have to eliminate the useless people with lethal injections in the more or less long term economic crashes banking biometric surveillance misery famine diseases and euthanasia (remember soylent green) and finally wars; the usual plan . ..remember your dust bowl in the usa it was the same phenomenon in smaller …. especially this mess programmed by the elites that is the human plan the goal is to hide the real causes and to take advantage of it to maintain and increase their domination; read again the prophecy of john of jerusalem; humanly speaking it is cooked only an external intervention can save what will remain of human….
    continue to prepare yourselves; I hope that you will get out of it; for me it is too late for different reasons and especially keep the faith!

    may god bless you all

  7. JNS

    I’m sure they knew full well that placing ‘official’ weather stations in urban islands would increase those official readings. This AGW stuff has been in the works for a long time …

  8. Johna

    Sad; I think that means the vaccines too as the virus was made by the US army as a bio weapon and the vaccine by big US farma in 2004 – ask Dr David Martin. JNS; even the latest ground temperature instruments need to be placed in a position that is fully optimised, i.e. for a given heat, flow, vector, RH-and under controlled conditions. Satellites measure the brightness of Earth’s atmosphere, and scientists who get paid to lie (like thatcher told hadCRU: no smoking gun no bucks) use computers to say what the temperature is. And we all know what computer predictions keep telling us – fucking garbage or GIGO

    1. sad

      good evening do you know that our dear Louis Pasteur was a freemason …. impostor and a liar of the first rank; one of his greatest patrons was rockfeller who financed the allopathic medicine ….Vaccines are a fraud and a scientific nonsense whose only goal is to make people sick to sell them treatments
      pastor belonged to the free masonry of the wood

      do you know the numerology cabbalistique in France since a few years one inject the children with 11 “vaccines”–mais-alors-on-nous-aurait-menti–_686ce59c-cd93-4513-b4c3-450158f332d6?page=2

      they are all liars and killers

      they do the same things with the so-called anthropogenic global warming

  9. sad

    these last articles are in French, take the time to translate and read them because they are important; the implementation of this total dictatorship to which we assist was started a long time ago, the intellectual, technical and state milestones are ancient

  10. Anthony Aaron

    IIRC, it was in the late-’90s that NOAA admitted that the ‘new’ digital thermometers they’d installed across the US were between 5 and 6 degrees above the temperature registered with the old-fashioned analog thermometers … instant ‘global warming’ …

  11. Kent Mattingley

    I’d love to be able to share your posts but for some reason the ability to share to FaceBook and Twitter have been removed. Please add them back. Your info needs to be spread.

  12. Martin

    Here in Brazil…the National MSM continues to publish the same future disaster burning in hell (which never happens), but about temperature Stations are ‘Corrupted’…nothing commented by them and will not be! Stay alert!

  13. Mark Fleming Fisher

    Ads are covering the content….

  14. Science Fiction News-Benders

    The vast majority of pharmacology, psychiatry, vaccine science and published [climate] research is a complete fraud
    Friday, July 29, 2022 by: Mike Adams

    (Natural News) Most published research is a complete fraud, and every field of science is dominated by hucksters, con artists and fakers who fabricate research to collect government grant money while pushing false narratives.

    – Decades of Alzheimer’s research is now revealed to be FAKED (see below).
    – Antidepressant “serotonin” research was all FAKED (see below).
    – NASA is pushing more fake science, claiming to send helicopters to Mars (a planet with virtually no atmosphere) to transport rocks across the Martian plains (see below).
    – Economic theories pushing MMT are all FAKED and rooted in complete nonsense.

    – Climate “science” is a complete fictional FRAUD rooted in the absurd idea that carbon dioxide is a “pollutant” that kills green plants (it’s actually essential for photosynthesis).

    – Vaccine science nothing but FRAUD, pushing dangerous, deadly experimental injections that they don’t even pretend have succeeded in long-term clinical trials showing safety and efficacy.
    These are the delusions of mad men who are destroying the world, but they often do so in the name of “science.”

    Media panics, claims the whole world is heating up faster than “the rest of the world”

    As a hilarious example of the junk science lunacy of the climate cult, look no further than the corporate-controlled media which now claims that every country in the world is heating up faster than every other country in the world.

    Such a claim is mathematically impossible, yet it has become the default lunatic claim of the climate cult media, regardless of its incomprehensible nature.
    The following list was compiled by Americas Frontline News:
    “Europe heating up faster than much of the world, climate scientist says,” reported CBC News last week.
    Last year, however, it was Israel.
    “Israel warming up almost twice as fast as rest of world, data shows,” reported Ynet News.
    Then again, so was New England.
    “Study: New England Is Warming Up Faster Than The Rest Of The World,” reported CBS News.
    As was Europe…
    “Europe is warming faster than the rest of the world and scientists are puzzled,” reported
    …And Africa, which had been heating up more than the global average for decades.
    “Africa warming faster than rest of world: IPCC Sixth Assessment Report,” reported Down to Earth.
    “Africa Warming More, Faster Than Other World Regions,” echoed VOA News.
    “The report finds the warming trend over the last three decades in all African subregions was stronger than in the previous 30 years. During this period, it said Africa has warmed faster than the global average temperature over land and ocean combined,” the article said.
    The year before that, it was China.
    “China Is Heating Up Faster Than The Global Average, Data Shows,” reported Bloomberg in 2020, saying it had been happening for decades.
    “China has seen faster temperature increases and rising sea levels than the global average rate over the past few decades, and experienced more frequent extreme weather events, according to official data,” said the article.
    But other outlets said it was Australia.
    “Australia is Warming Faster than Global Average,” reported Statista in 2020.
    A review by America’s Frontline News of Israeli media reports found that the expected heatwaves the media are using to push climate alarmism are actually cooler than last year’s.
    “The Health Ministry issued an extreme temperature warning as a heatwave intensified on Wednesday, with its peak expected on Thursday,” reported Times of Israel Wednesday.
    Gosh, global warming is so bad that it somehow makes every country hotter than all other countries, even if those countries are themselves hotter than all the rest of the countries. Circular logic. Total fraud. Welcome to the climate cult, where logic is never allowed.
    NASA pretends that solar-powered helicopters can fly around on Mars where there’s virtually no atmosphere

    the secular heretic
    how the few control the many
    the greatest show on earth
    Kyle Young – Jul 23, 2022

  15. sad

    France, a second Palestine

    At the beginning of a video in English, the Chief Rabbi of South Africa, Warren Goldstein, states: “Our goal as Jewish people for the last 3300 years, since the revelation at Sinai, is to control the world”. Warren Goldstein is the founder of “World Shabbat”.

    An important step toward this goal was the French Revolution.

    “We (the Revolutionaries) will still find powerful auxiliaries, fervent apostles in the Judaic tribes, who look upon France as a second Palestine.

    Our circumcised fellow citizens bless us in all the synagogues of the captivity. The Jew, debased in the rest of the world, has become a French citizen, a citizen of the world, by our philosophical decrees. This fraternization alarms the German princes; all the more so because the war could neither begin nor last in Germany without the activity, the intelligence, the economy and the money of the Jews. The stores, the ammunition of all kinds are supplied by the Hebrew capitalists, and all the subordinate agents of the military supply are of the same nation. It will only require agreement with our brothers the rabbis, to produce astonishing, miraculous effects.” Anacharsis Cloots, “La République universelle du genre humain” (1792).

    Pierre Hillard, author of the preface (more than a third of the book, or 125 pages) to the reprint of Anacharsis Cloots’ The Universal Republic of the Human Race, writes:

    “To explain the essence of the Revolution of 1789 with its spiritual and political consequences requires to identify the turn of mind of the actors of that time according to their philosophical referents.

    In Archives of Mundialism, we dealt in Chapter III with the attempts of the Jews to acquire French nationality. After fourteen failures, the fifteenth was the right one with the naturalization of this community to the French nation on September 27, 1791. This was done with the support of many revolutionaries (Mirabeau, Abbé Sieyès, Bishop Talleyrand, Clermont-Tonnerre, the lawyer Godard, Abbé Grégoire, etc.) in conjunction with a small but very active group of Jews such as Cerf Beer. This event, impossible in the framework of a France born from the baptism of Clovis under the aegis of the bishop Saint-Rémi, could only materialize because of a change of mentality among the aristocratic, bourgeois and even royal elites, since Louis XVI had laid the groundwork to make it feasible. The proclamation of the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen with a preamble under the aegis of the Supreme Being, signed on August 26, 1789, is only the consequence of an evolution of mentalities spread over generations.

    Such a commitment of the Talmudic synagogue, since 1808, to the principles of the Revolution indicates that the latter must find its account. Could it not be said that this so-called French Revolution was, first and foremost, of talmudic-kabbalistic essence?

    Indeed, the words of the bishop Saint Rémi establish a politico-religious model making the first king of France, Clovis, the lieutenant of Christ; that is to say, in the eyes of the rebellious synagogue, a Messiah that it does not recognize, that it rejects and that must be annihilated because, for it, “this” Jesus of Nazareth is only a usurper. France is therefore in the sights of the new synagogue more than any other country because of this honor bestowed upon the royal house of Clovis and its successors. This decisive point is to be remembered absolutely.

    France is apart and its fate is linked to the Church. Indirectly, this means that, from the beginning, our country has suffered brutal attacks or, more subtly too, infiltrations to weaken and, in the end, erase this mark as well as the mission of apostolate resulting from the baptism of Clovis.”

    Download free BNF-GALLICA pdf (200 pages) “The Universal Republic, or Address to Tyrannicides”, by Anacharsis Cloots, orator of the human race:

    Comment by Alonzo Rodriguez:

    “Christianity had two irons in the fire: Catholicism and Orthodoxy. The Talmudists destroyed both through the French Revolution and the Bolshevik Revolution. Orthodoxy seems to be back on track somewhat (Vladimir Putin) and we have an alliance of Orthodox Christians and Shia Muslims (Syria, Iran). Against Talmudic Jews and Wahhabi Muslims (Israel + Saudi Arabia + Protestants).

    The Catholics being out of the game since 1945. This advance of the Talmudic Jews prefigures the arrival of the Antichrist – No one will be able to buy or sell unless he has the number of the Beast. What is horrible is the role that France has played and still plays. And especially the role of 3 Holy Cities, Rome, Mecca and Jerusalem.”

  16. sad

    La version des “élites” du précepte chrétien “aimez-vous les uns les autres”

    Un goût pour le cannibalisme ?

    Une série de livres, d’émissions de télévision et de films récents suggèrent que nous n’avons jamais été aussi délicieux les uns pour les autres.

    Une image est venue à Chelsea G. Summers : un petit ami, accidentellement renversé par une voiture, un travail rapide avec un tire-bouchon et son foie servi à la toscane, sur des toasts.

    Ce fruit de son imagination tordue est ce qui a incité Mme Summers à écrire son roman, ” A Certain Hunger “, sur un critique de restaurant avec un goût pour la chair humaine (masculine).

    Il s’avère que le cannibalisme a un temps et un lieu. Dans les pages de certains livres récents qui vous retournent l’estomac, et sur les écrans de télévision et de cinéma, Mme Summers et d’autres suggèrent que ce moment est venu.

    Il y a « Yellowjackets », une série Showtime sur une équipe de football féminine d’un lycée bloquée dans les bois pendant quelques mois de trop […].

    Le film « Fresh », sorti sur Hulu en mars, implique un commerce clandestin de viande humaine pour les riches.

    « Lapvona », le roman d’Ottessa Moshfegh publié en juin, dépeint le cannibalisme dans un village médiéval vaincu par la peste et la sécheresse.

    Le livre d’Agustina Bazterrica ” Tender Is the Flesh “, sorti en anglais en 2020 et en espagnol en 2017, imagine une société future qui élève les humains comme du bétail.

    Egalement sorti en 2017, « Raw », un film de la réalisatrice et scénariste Julia Ducournau, raconte l’histoire d’une étudiante vétérinaire végétarienne dont le goût pour la viande s’intensifie après avoir consommé des abats crus.

    Reste à venir “Bones and All”, avec Timothée Chalamet. Le film, sur un jeune amour qui devient une soif de consommation de (chair) humaine, devrait sortir plus tard cette année ou au début de la prochaine. Son réalisateur, Luca Guadagnino, a qualifié l’histoire d'”extrêmement romantique”….

    Extrait de l’article d’Alex Beggs “A Taste for Cannibalism?”


    Les “élites”, le cannibalisme et le Spirit cooking de Marina Abramovic.

    A gauche, l’artiste Marina Abramovic et Jacob Rothschild posent devant le tableau de Thomas Lawrence “Satan invoque ses légions”. A droite, “Spirit Cooking” de Marina Abramovic.

    1. Hannibal Lecter

      First bugs, now CANNIBALISM: scientist says humans need to eat other humans to “fight climate change” [yum… especially with Fava Beans]
      Sunday, July 31, 2022 by: Ethan Huff

    1. Archivarius

      Destroying Guidestones was NOT an Act of Defiance
      July 21, 2022

  17. Ice Age Bioelectric Technocracy Control-Eugenics

    Cancelled – Dubai’s Palm Islands
    July 29th, 2022

    Dubai’s Next Big Real Estate IPO
    June 21st, 2022's-next-big-real-estate-ipo:4

    Dubai – the classic Potemkin Facade Meme City State of Classless Nouveau Riche Architectural Kitsch – non-stop unlimited gong-show waste of Arab $$ on steroids – the Dubai sky scrapers were 95% empty back in 2001 with non-stop construction going on… on the bleakest desert coastline/dead ocean on the planet… perfect for generation “crypto fake everything meme land”… this crash and depop is going to be spectacular ww.

  18. Richard Todd

    Over the last five years I’ve been having a little fun recording the highest temp in my very sheltered garden in the NW England. 110f has been the highest until our harsh heatwave just last week. I was about to contact the authorities to tell them I’d experienced 116 (44) and they were all a bunch of pussies when I read your article and realised my thermometer was a mere 18 inches from our concrete patio. Deflated. Ambitions of meteorologist of the year severely dashed!

  19. sad

    all these countries of the Middle East will disappear in the climate change … drought sandstorms it will remain only ruins

  20. sad

    they don’t have much time left

  21. FYI

    Note MSM climate hype ramp up/focus from here on out from 34:00 min. mark. Project Veritas covert reporting.

  22. sad

    why do you think a war broke out at this time … the plan always the same

  23. FYI

    World Hal Turner 30 July 2022 Hits: 5764

    This content is for Subscribers Only —

    Intelligence circuits worldwide are blazing this morning with reports there is now an open rift between Ukraine President Volodimyr Zelensky and his military commanders . . . ALL of them! The word “Mutiny” is being bandied about!!!

    Intel info claims the military has told Zelensky the battle against Russia cannot continue and unless Zelensky negotiates peace within FOUR WEEKS, it is the intention of the Military to order their units to surrender, nationwide!

    Zelensky responded that he would simply fire all the commanders, and was told, “You’ll have to fire all of us because we’ve already spoken to the entire Ukraine Army officer corps and we are ALL in agreement. Our troops are decimated, the forced conscripts cannot be trained in enough numbers or fast enough to make any difference, the economy of the country is completely wrecked, and continuing this fight is simply national suicide, we won’t do it.”

    Now, we all get to see how this sits with the US and NATO. It __appears__ the US/NATO must either accept defeat, or find some way, some reason, to get directly involved within the next four weeks.

  24. Doktor Seltsamer Wetterliebhaber

    The Non-Correlation of Empirical Carbon Dioxide and Temperature Trends
    July 31, 2022 – Contributed by Michael N. Chernoff, BSc Geological Engineering © 2022

    Clouds independently appear to have as much or greater effect than man-made CO2 on radiative forcing – Michael O Jonas – 26 May 2022

    Friends of Science Calgary
    The Sun is the main driver of climate change. Not you. Not carbon dioxide.

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